Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

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Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a ligament in the knee that connects the thighbone to the shinbone. It provides stability to the inner side of the knee and can be injured due to sudden twisting or impact to the knee.

What causes Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)?

MCL injuries are often caused by sudden twisting or impact to the knee, especially when the foot is planted and the knee is bent. It is also caused by direct impact to the outer side of the knee.

Ways to prevent Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
  • Strengthen the muscles around the knee through exercise and physical therapy.
  • Use appropriate protective gear such as knee braces and pads.
  • Warm up and stretch before physical activity.
  • Avoid sudden changes in direction or twisting movements.
Symptoms of Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
  • Pain and tenderness on the inner side of the knee.
  • Swelling and bruising around the knee.
  • Stiffness and difficulty moving the knee.
  • A feeling of instability or giving way in the knee.
When to See the Doctor
  • If there is severe pain and swelling in the knee.
  • If the knee feels unstable or gives way.
  • If there is difficulty walking or bearing weight on the affected leg.
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Treatment
  • Rest and avoid activities that cause pain and discomfort.
  • Ice the affected knee to reduce swelling.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Physical therapy to improve strength and stability.
  • In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the MCL.
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Surgery options

MCL reconstruction surgery involves replacing the damaged ligament with a graft from another part of the body or from a donor.

How Dr. Kunal Patel Can Help

Dr. Patel specializes in sports medicine and can provide a comprehensive evaluation to determine the best course of treatment. He uses the latest technology and techniques to perform minimally invasive MCL reconstruction surgery and other procedures. Dr. Patel works with each patient to develop a personalized treatment plan based on their medical history, lifestyle, and individual goals. With his experience and expertise, Dr. Patel can help patients achieve optimal outcomes and return to their activities as soon as possible.